Scotland's 5th Estate

Strange Fruit

When we wrote earlier this year of the potential for a neo-fascism to emerge out of the darkness of a Trump presidency we were ridiculed for being over the top. Watching Vice’s ‘Charlottesville: Race and Terror’ makes your realise we were being over-cautious.

 

President Trumps ranting press conference marks a new low in a year of shameful rhetoric.

The Independent reported:

“President Donald Trump buoyed the white nationalist movementon Tuesday as no President has done in generations — equating activists protesting racism with the neo-Nazis and white supremacists who rampaged in Charlottesville, Virginia, over the weekend.

Never has he gone as far in defending their actions as he did during a wild, street-corner shouting-match of a news conference in the gilded lobby of Trump Tower, angrily asserting that so-called alt-left activists were just as responsible for the bloody confrontation as marchers brandishing swastikas, Confederate battle flagsanti-Semitic banners and “Trump/Pence” signs.”

If the presence of Steve Bannon and Sebastian Gorka in the White House didn’t alert you to the reality of the far-right coming centre stage in America, the public exposure of the snarling face of white nationalism surely now will do.

Trumps attempt at creating a moral equivalence between an “Alt-Left” and the “Alt-Right” is an extraordinary descent into public support for white terrorism, an attempt to re-frame the debate, to call to his base support and to ‘Unite the Right’. He’s been called out on it but unless the Republican leadership find a backbone they won’t eject him. Veteran Republican Senator John McCain tweeted: “There is no moral equivalency between racists & Americans standing up to defy hate & bigotry” and there’s been feint condemnations but it’s too little too late.

We need to talk about fascism and the rise of the far-right and not just assume it’s problem ‘somewhere else’. We need to address what is and isn’t a problem here, now.

The ‘Blood and Soil’ the fascists of Charlottesville were shouting about is the same that’s been suggested by some is the driving force behind Scottish nationalism. Chris Deerin only yesterday, attempted to equate and connect the phenomenon of the American far-right with the Yes movement in Scotland:

“For some of us, it was an allergy to this tribalism, to the spasmodic urge to divide into us and them, that made a Yes vote in the independence referendum of 2014 utterly unthinkable. ”

Gaby Hinsliff tried the same in the Guardian recently, claiming that:

“Physical intimidation became a distinctive feature of the (Yes) campaign. Posters supporting No were slashed with knives …What happened in Scotland was mirrored in an angry Brexit referendum, in which eastern Europeans were told by strangers in the street to go home”.

She seemed not to have noticed the full-scale fascist-loyalist riot that took place in George Square. Its at best lazy journalism, at worst a deliberate distortion.

But that’s not to say there isn’t an issue with the alt-right and the right in the nationalist movement and in attitudes and responses to fascism.

We also need to confront the role of male violence in the far-right. It will have been a surprise to absolutely nobody to discover that James Alex Fields had a history of domestic violence. 

There’s a telling part of the Vice film when one of the activists talks about Trump ‘selling his daughter into the hands of the Jew’. It’s a revealing combination of anti-semitism and considering your daughter as chattel.

Interesting to note that the Jewish community are now condemning Trump’s inability to confront Nazism in his movement. Here the Rabbi that oversaw Ivanka Trump’s conversion to Judaism slams him over his comments.

But the language of the alt-right is viral and we are not immune to it. If Scotland is largely immune to the worst electoral manifestations of the far right, and if the ‘Scottish Defence League’ has to arrive by bus from down south, this doesn’t mean that we’re not affected by the global memes of disaffection, alienation and racism.

In a recent post about the band Young Fathers being racially abused online (in which the Alt-right were definitely involved with a large Scottish contingent) Christopher Oliver  moaned on Facebook:
“The SJW levels are slowly killing the Indy movement. Have no lessons been learned?”

He was joined by another, Keith Buchanan – commenting on my article – ‘Unbrits and Rich White Men’ – waded in saying:

“Simply put, the article focusing on the fact that the five men were white is virtue signalling to the left that Brexit was an act of racism because it was primarily funded by 5 white men.

It ignores the facts that the philosophy of Brexit of course ties into a jingoistic sense of nationalism, and given that the native population of the UK is white then of course its highly probably that the people who identify with a campaign targetted at maintaining that demographic are of that demographic.

It ignores the fact as well that those targetted by the anti-immigration aspect of Brexit are also white by their nature as that is the largest native demographic of Europe, certainly those eastern European states that seemed to be the target and essentially boils down to a thinly veiled “Patriarchy bad, it’s responsible for Brexit” message.

So Christopher, if I understand his point rightly – and this is what I agree with – is that the independence movement should not be splitting itself along social policy lines where subtextual implications that being a rich, white man is unwelcome in an independent Scotland are made i.e. Scottish Independence is all encompassing for those who wish to live here.

Given that ~48-49% of the population who will be voting on Scottish Independence are white men, the left will cause a rejection of Independence if it continues on it’s insipid, inept and scientifically/economically refuted notion of “Patriarchy bad”.

Got it?

Don’t oppose racism because that might jeopardise the independence referendum. The alter of false unity must be used to invoked cosying up to fascists.

The obvious and instant conflation by these people of anti-racism and feminism is revealing.

This is about power and people being threatened as their traditional foothold in their world is altered, which for a lot of people is based on the subtle, or not so subtle subjugation of others.

In a recent Twitter exchange with a  leading Nationalist figure, he couldn’t answer the simple question: “Would you be comfortable working with fascists in a local Yes group?”

So we have a right-wing in the nationalist movement that seeks to blame the left, and is building a narrative that the left was to blame for not winning the independence referendum and is trying to silence us.

Some of it – consciously or unconsciously – proposes mimicking the Brexit or the Trump campaigns in Scotland. This is not just politically stupid its morally wrong. Means and ends matter.

La Facosphere

Some of this is magnified by male domination of – and intimidation within social media.

In a recent article about ‘France’s Identity Crisis’ and the rise of extreme politics, Henri Astier bursts the bubble of those who think that Macron’s victory represents some kind of  defeat for right-wing populism or extreme nationalism. He writes:

“France now has by far the most vibrant online alt-right scene in Europe. According to one recent count, seven of the most popular political websites in French are far-right and much more extreme than the FN. Collectively referred to as the “fachosphere” these sites are run on a shoestring.

La Facoshphere describes an exotic land peopled with motley, and often warring tribes. Readers are introduced to the conspiracy theorists who expose the machinations of the secret rulers of the world, the identitarians who chronicle the descent of banlieues into chaos; the ultra-secularists who denounce Islam; the right-wing Catholics who inveigh against Islam and secularism.”

They disagree on many things but they share a basic message: the powers that be and their subserviant media are lying to us.

Some of this may sound familiar to you.

This expression of paranoia, conspiracy and loss of male power is amplified greatly online, as this recent set of (previously unpublished) comments by ‘PJ’ demonstrates:
PJ
141.101.98.55

“And Mike’s old mate KLitty Cat Boyd Voted for this mob. Voted to support the rape and extermination of Scotland. Voted Yoon because she’s so cool.

How about an article outing her and her feminazi supporters as enemies of Scotland? Haggarty, Moyes, Strickland and the rest who put loyalty to the sisterhood ahead of democracy for their country.

Go on and post this on twitter again Smallcock. Show how much power bullying cunts like you have over ordinary people.”

To which he added, now getting into his stride:

PJ
141.101.98.55

“Mikey Small A lying cuntbag. I never threatened you or that sad quisling whore KittyCat Boyd. I just expressed my displeasure at your rampant hypocrisy and double dealing on behalf of the yoons. Also if the police come to my door when you and the rest of your friends in the media encourage pricks like spanner, historywoman and gun toting reynard then it will prove exactly whose side you are on.”

PJ’s not alone.

This kind of vitriol rains down on Bella daily, and I’m entirely aware that this abuse is of a completely different order for women.

I post this charmer just because he is indicative of a certain strain of militant idiocy that is clearly inspired by a deep-seated misogyny. The phrase “loyalty to the sisterhood ahead of democracy for their country” is worth noting.

The End of the Fairytale

In America there is a very real danger that an openly (and legally) armed militia will rise up. As this account from a synagogue in Charlottesville testifies:

 

It’s a toxic fusion of racism, anti-Semitism and misogyny.

Hyper-nationalism, hyper-machismo, overt racism, a language of, and deification of violence, and a hatred of the weak whilst masquerading as populist, all are present and correct in the man-child President that the world is staring at today.

As Suzanne Morre writes (“Patriarchy is the sea in which Trump and his sharks gather”):

“Patriarchy is not some men-only affair. Many women play a role in sustaining it. The far right, by the way, is not afraid of using this word. It claims it as the basis for all that is good in western civilisation. The elevation of Trump is absolutely patriarchal fundamentalism. He has swept up a lot of the Christian vote because of it. The adulation of Putin is the worship of another white power based on patriarchal rule: unapologetically anti-women, anti-gay, anti-black and anti-Muslim. It is obsessed with displays of masculinity to the point of fascist camp. The right promises the restoration of a time when men were men and women were sanctified mothers or whores. Such authoritarianism may be delivered by both men and women. As the American author and feminist bell hooks says, patriarchy has no gender. It is not situated only within the individual – which is why screaming “Sexist!” at someone only gets you so far. Were the women who voted for Trump furthering patriarchy? Yes, obviously. They may believe it can protect them. The dismantling of this power cannot possibly come from those who won’t name it and spend the entire time shoring it up, largely reaping its benefits: that is, much of the liberal establishment. By assuming the culture war had been won, the myths of impartiality and neutrality have allowed far–right voices to go unchallenged. Patriarchal power asserts itself through cultural as well as economic resentment. And that is everywhere. The oft-repeated sentiment that feminism is itself an extreme movement is evidence of how liberalism bows down to authoritarianism.”

The liberal voices that stood back and assured us that Trump would ‘not be as bad as he appeared on the campaign trail’, or that ‘Brexit would never really happen’ or that Scotland would ‘have its place in discussions’, all are part of a continuum of nonsense and denial, a sort of belief in moderation when none is visible, an outdated belief in a political system and a culture that doesn’t function any more.  These are the stenographers that are just repeating a sort of folk-memory of a Britain or America that has been swept away.

Looking at the faces of the ‘protestors’ on the Vice film, and listening to them speak, its self-evident these are not the ‘rustbelt’ or ‘forgotten’ that people explain-away the Trump phenomena with. This was privilege on display.

As the American writer Rebecca Solnit has commented:

“Of course they gathered with torches, because the only liberty they have lost is the liberty to gather with torches and decide whose house to visit with terror. That is the right that is denied them: the right to other people’s possessions, the right to be the only person in the room, the right to be the only person that the world is made for. (These are not rights. They are wrongs.) You are sad because your toys have been taken, but they were never toys to begin with. They were people. It is the ending of the fairy tale; because you were a beast, you did not see that the things around you were people and not objects that existed purely for your pleasure. You should not weep that the curse is broken and you can see that your footstool was a human being.

But to rejoice in that discovery you have to stop being a beast first, and they have not. Why would they? Trump promises to turn the world back and bring the curse again. That is implicit in his every speech, a dog whistle strong enough that every dog in America is deaf and in constant pain.

Here we are in the year of our lord 2017 and the president of the United States lacks the moral courage to condemn Nazis and white supremacists. And they are not even making it difficult. They are saluting like Nazis and waving Nazi flags and chanting like Nazis and spewing hatred like Nazis. Maya Angelou was not wrong. When someone tells you who they are, believe them. Especially if what that person is telling you is “I am a Nazi.”

Remembering Heather Heyer

The language we use and the way we frame debates is essential. In the discussion about how to confront fascism, at home and abroad, the wider issue of means and ends returns and needs exploration.

For many Heather Heyer – the young women who is in danger of being forgotten in the same way as Jo Cox has disappeared – would have been derided by many as a ‘Snowflake’, or, worse a ‘Social Justice Warrior’. This is the language of the new right, insidiously working its way into our discourse.

It’s beyond time for the Yes movement to retrieve its core values, its aspiration to transform Scotland, to regain and re-articulate its vision and to distance itself from the dark populism of the right. This will need solidarity and nurturing a vision based on hope, aspiration and internationalism.

This would be a good time to start.

 

 

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19 Comments

  • Alan Bissett 1 month ago

    Bravo, Mike.

    Reply
  • Adam / Eve 1 month ago

    Omg, you usually write so well. This is just awful. Sorry, Mike, but my advice would be to delete this. It looks like it was written by a first year politics student who’s just submitted his first essay in Women and Politics 1. Or worse just some miserable grouching about people and stuff no normal person isinterested in. Seriously an article this length about some twaddle on twitter ? And a facile attempt to link it to serious and inporrhaht events, no wonder Scottish people are so often accused of parochialism

    Reply
    • Bella Caledonia Editor 1 month ago

      Hi Adam / Eve (nice name). thanks for the, er, feedback. I’m not sure that the death of Heather Heyer and the rise of fascism in America is ‘some twaddle on twitter’ though?

      Reply
    • john Mcgowan 1 month ago

      No decent person has anything but contempt for Trump and all his works and he deserves the kicking he is getting over his malignant comments about Charlottesville. It is simply wrong, however, as this article does, to overestimate the significance of these events . What Charlottesville reveals is no the strength of fascism in America but its pathetic weakness. The numbers involved are miniscule and while there is no doubting the repugnance of the fascist groups, they are mainly isolated, deranged individuals and taken as a whole do not, at present, represent a genuine threat to democracy or tour workers movement. In fact, the most significant thing about Charlottesville is the marvellous mobilisation of anti fascist forces who taught the thugs a lesson. A sense of historical perspective is required here and the author of this article has lost his bearings completely. Of course, it is necessary to mobilise to smash the fascist scum wherever they rear their ugly head but it is also necessary to maintain ones head. Fascism does not represent a current threat anywhere in the world at the moment and anyone who claims is does needs to take a refresher course in modern history.

      Reply
      • Bella Caledonia Editor 1 month ago

        Thanks John – this is a point worth considering, and the numbers you reference give useful context. I think the dynamic here is between an event and its magnification through endorsement and normalisation by the POTUS though and how that represents – along with the presence of Bannon and Gorka – a shift in responses to the far-right and the fascist right in America that’s been a long time coming. While its possible to overplay, its also possible to be complacent about the tinderbox that is America. I welcome exchange and perspective on this though, so thanks for commenting.

        Reply
      • john Mcgowan 1 month ago

        You are right to highlight Trump’s response and Charlottesville has at least had the merit of revealing – as if it needed revealing – the depth of his reactionary world view. However, I stand by my point that Mike Small is guilty of losing all sense of balance here and his article does not advance by a single jot our understanding of the nature of American politics under Trump nor of fascism. It has long been one of the defining characteristics of the ultra left and the hysterical petty bourgeois to scream “fascism” and claim that it is about to take power, which simply shows that they have failed to understand what fascism is and downplay its historical significance. Mike Small, in a shrill attempt to get noticed, reveals himself here to be a very poor analyst and he needs to go away and read a bit more and write a bit less. Finally, it is in very poor taste to use the tragedy of Charlottesville as an argument in favour of Scottish independence. Surely the idea of independence needs better arguments than that. If it were not I never such poor taste his final paragraph would be a perfect candidate for the section I may Private Eye which satirises desperate attempts by big companies to,yoke their product to a current event. Shame on you really.

        Reply
        • Bella Caledonia Editor 1 month ago

          Just for your information John, I am Mike Small.

          I’m not sure how it’s the ‘ultra left’ that defines fascism when the individuals in the video clearly do. That’s not the ‘ultra left’ that’s mainstream everyday American media and just about every other media outlet in the world.

          Far from ‘using the tragedy of Charlottesville as an argument in favour of Scottish independence’ I use the experience of the alt-right to make some observations about the nature of language and the dangers of right-wing nationalism and the connections between racism and misogyny.

          Try re-reading the article before commenting again.

          Reply
        • florian albert 1 month ago

          Anyone with a decent knowledge of German history between the wars will know that the German Communists (KPD) – acting on Stalin’s orders – denounced the German Social Democrats (SPD) as social fascists.
          The latter was the most important party committed to democracy in Weimar Germany. The former was committed to a Stalinist dictatorship.
          The last genuinely democratic government, that of Hermann Muller of the SPD (1928-1930), was denounced as fascist by the Communists.

          When you hear or read of people wanting to ‘crush the fascist scum’, it is worth looking closely at those who are making these demands. Past history shows that their bona fides may not stand up to scrutiny.

          Reply
      • J Galt 1 month ago

        “Smash the fascist scum”

        What literally?

        So a “fascist” driving a car into “ant-fascists” is evil, however an “anti-fascist” driving a car into “fascists” would be acceptable?

        Reply
        • john Mcgowan 1 month ago

          Here’s a question for J Galt, who takes exception to the phrase smash the fascist scum. How would he say the sturuggle against fascism should be waged? With balloons on sticks or powder puffs maybe? Maybe he will remember there was a struggle against fascist scum some time ago, part of it involved the combined might of Britain, America and the Soviet Union, not to mention just about the rest of the civilised world, lasted about a decade and cost the lives of countless millions of people. It started in Italy with Mussolini, not a nice chap, then Spain had a civil war that brought the butcher Franco to power, after that the Nazis thought they would show us just what a reactionary world view is capable of. Maybe the world should have just said, you know what, if we smash this fascist scum, you know, using violence and stuff, petty moralists like J Galt will think we are as evil as the fascists themselves. Maybe we should just let them have their way? What a relief his kind weren’t so numerous then.

          Reply
          • J Galt 1 month ago

            I don’t hold a candle for these people Mr McGowan, however I just wanted it to be clear that you were advocating violence against what appeared to be mostly unarmed persons – albeit persons whose opinions can reasonably be described as unpleasant.

            And what is your definition of Fascism?

            Mussolini was quite fluid in his descriptions however let’s keep it simple – using violence to gain power and afterwards locking up and even killing those who don’t agree with you or oppose you – is that a reasonable description?

            That more or less describes the USSR – by far the major participant in the WW2 struggle against the National Socialists – one “Fascist” regime in a death struggle with another perhaps?

            Violence begets violence.

  • Jac gallacher 1 month ago

    Spot on Mike

    Reply
  • Graeme Purves 1 month ago

    Well said, Mike.

    And we need zero tolerance of alt-right othering of sections of Scottish society on Bella’s comment streams.

    Reply
  • Charles L. Gallagher 1 month ago

    We Scots/Irish & so called Irish Scots should never loose sight of the fact that a huge number of those profiting from slavery in the Southern States were our direct descendants. It should also be remembered that the flag of the Confederacy was based on the St. Andrew’s Cross/Saltire flag of Scotland.

    Reply
  • Pogliaghi 1 month ago

    Not long ago Bella itself had some intelligent think-pieces by Loki sifting the tropes of the critique of ‘social justice’ theories (many of which are drifting around the alt-right) in a non-declamatory tone. Rather than basic “you’re either with or you’re against us”. (That was what he was actually doing, just in a subtle enough way that it wouldn’t trigger zealots).

    Well he was really smart to get off this hill before the commissars started telling everyone to get in line and the machine gunning began. It’s war with fascism now donchaknow. No dissension in the ranks.

    Reply
    • Bella Caledonia Editor 1 month ago

      Hi Pogliaghi – you’re right we published Loki’s take on some of these issues, in fact he served on our editorial board for a period, and no doubt will publish him again. In fact we’re due to publish a review of his new book ‘Poverty Safari’ very soon. So in the sense that the was ‘smart to get off this hill” you’re just wrong.

      Reply
      • Pogliaghi 1 month ago

        Bella. Thanks for that. It’s a metaphor for taking a controversial stance or exploring a controversial topic, not a physico-spatial metaphor.

        Reply
  • florian albert 1 month ago

    A sense of proportion is needed here concerning the level of political threat posed by fascists/racists in the USA.
    When the KKK and various other racist groups decided to hold a ‘Unite the Right’ rally, they chose the city of Charlottesville, Virginia – a place smaller than Dunfermline.
    This suggests they were aware of a lack of mass support.
    When the rally took place, about 500 assorted rightists took part. There were twice as many counter-demonstrators. So far, a fairly routine sort of confrontation involving small numbers.
    Tragically, one young woman was killed – murdered, it appears, by one of the rightist demonstrators.

    When a ‘Unite the Right’ rally attracts 500 people in a country with a population of 326,000,000, it demonstrates the extreme weakness of the far right.

    By way of contrast, fifty years ago, the USA was rocked by riots in major cities. In one, Detroit, 43 were killed, 1,2oo injured and 2,000 buildings destroyed. It needed two divisions of airborne troops to bring the riot to an end.

    Reply
    • Pogliaghi 1 month ago

      You make an important point. We have no idea to what extent the ‘alt-right’ phenomenon is actually A) numerous or blown out of proportion by its Internet-prominence and B) whether it’s represented broadly by the extremist movement magnified in spectacles like Charlottesville. Or whether it’s C) something more like a right wing populism yet one that (and this would, I admit, be miraculous) isn’t flirting with racism.

      The trouble is there’s this colossal disconnect between the confirmed numbers of what might fairly be dubbed fascists in the movement, and the POTENTIAL number of crypto-fascists given the level of Trump support. One also must take into account the fact that administration alt-right intellectuals(sic) eg. Bannon, Gorka, Miller etc. really believe the most reactionary memes of the far right. They believe for example in a global anti-American conspiracy involving Islamists, “Marxists”, bankers and “globalists”.. the logic, paranoia and cultural dynamics are **strikingly** National Socialist. Right wing anticapitalist, anti-cosmopolitan, reactionary, crypto-racist..

      Reply

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